Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Prevention and Risks

How coronavirus spreads


Human coronaviruses cause infections of the nose, throat and lungs. They are most commonly spread from an infected person through:


  • respiratory droplets generated when you cough or sneeze

  • close, prolonged personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands

  • touching something with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose or eyes before washing your hands


Current evidence suggests person-to-person spread is efficient when there is close contact.


Preventing coronavirus


Canadians should continue to think ahead about the actions that they can take to stay healthy and prevent the spread of COVID-19 in Canada. This includes staying at home as much as possible and being prepared in case you or a family member becomes ill. Everyone should be practising physical (social) distancing. Even if you do not have symptoms of COVID-19, you could become infected by others.


As we continue to see transmission of the virus within different communities, we know that everyone must take precautions, even those who have not travelled outside of Canada.

In an effort to prevent the spread of COVID-19 within communities and across the country, all

Canadians are advised to:


  • stay at home unless you have to go to work

  • talk to your employer about working at home if possible

  • avoid all non-essential trips in your community

  • do not gather in groups

  • limit contact with people at higher risk, such as older adults and those in poor health

  • go outside to exercise but stay close to home

  • if you leave your home, always keep a distance of at least 2 arms lengths (approximately 2 metres) from others

  • household contacts (people you live with) do not need to distance from each other unless they are sick or have travelled in the last 14 days

Learn more at: Canada.ca


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